Hair Drug Testing

Future candidates and potential hires are most commonly drug screened via a hair sample. Most drugs and illegal substances are detectable in a hair sample for up to 90 days, making hair drug testing a reliable way to reveal long-term or repetitive drug or substance use. Hair samples are a painless drug testing method, as a small hair sample of approximately 100-120 strands is cut from the crown—no hair is pulled and no hair follicles are tested—meaning only hair that has grown above the scalp is tested.

8-Drug Test Panel 10-Drug Test Panel 13-Drug Test Panel 15-Drug Test Panel Opiate Panel
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amphetamines/methamphetamine

Amphetamines are a class of drugs that are central nervous system (CNS) stimulants. They have a high potential for abuse and addiction. Amphetamines are considered "uppers" because they increase alertness, energy and a sense of well-being. Methamphetamine (meth) metabolizes to amphetamine.

Amphetamines are sometimes prescribed as treatment for Parkinson's disease, ADHD, and narcolepsy.

barbiturates

Barbiturates are drugs that affect the central nervous system (CNS). They have a high potential for abuse and addiction. These drugs are considered "downers," as they cause an overall sense of calm. They are commonly abused for their sedative properties. Barbiturates have a high potential for lethal overdose.

Barbiturates can be detected for 1-2 days in the blood after initially taken, and can be detected in the urine for 1-2 days for short-acting barbiturates, or for 1-3 weeks in long-acting barbiturates. Barbiturates can be detected in hair for up to 90 days, and in oral fluid from 5 to 48 hours.

benzodiazepines

Benzodiazepines are a class of psychoactive drugs that are considered tranquilizers. Common drugs in this class include Valium, Xanax and Librium. Benzodiazepines of all kinds can cause physical dependence. Benzodiazepines may be prescribed to treat anxiety, panic attacks, insomnia, nausea, vomiting, depression, muscle relaxation, seizures, and may be used as general anesthesia/sedation.

Benzodiazopines can be detected in urine for up to 3 days after initially taken for therapeutic doses, or 4-6 weeks if used chronically or taken as an extended dosage. Benzodiazepines can be detected in oral fluid for 5-48 hours, and can remain in the hair for up to 90 days.

cocaine

Cocaine, also referred to as coke or crack, is a powerfully addictive stimulant drug that is made from leaves of the coca plant. It is often injected after being mixed with water, or smoked, snorted, or rubbed on the gums.

Cocaine can be detected in urine for 2-4 days after initially taken. Cocaine use may be detectable via a hair sample for up to 90 days, and in oral fluid from 5 to 48 hours.

codeine

Codeine is an opioid that acts as a cough suppressant and can also produce relaxation and euphoria if consumed at a higher-than-prescribed dose. It is found in some cough syrups, and some people create a drink by mixing it with soda or alcohol.

Codeine can be detected in the urine for up to 2 days after initially taken. Codeine can be detected in oral fluid for 5-48 hours, and can remain in the hair for up to 90 days.

phencyclidine (PCP)

Phencyclidine (PCP) can be detected in the urine for up to 14 days after initially taken, or for up to 30 days if chronically used. Phencyclidine can be detected in oral fluid for 5-48 hours, and can remain in the hair for up to 90 days.

morphine

Morphine can be detected in the urine for up to 2 days after initially taken. Morphine can be detected in oral fluid for 5-48 hours, and can remain in the hair for up to 90 days.

marijuana (THC)

Marijuana's cannabinoid known as THC can be detected in the urine for 2-7 days after initially taken if used once, or can be detected in the urine for up to 1-2 months if used chronically. THC can be detected in oral fluid for 5-48 hours, and can remain in the hair for up to 90 days.

propoxyphene

Propoxyphene (Darvon®) was a prescribed opioid pain reliever until 2010 when it was discontinued due to confirmed risks to cardiac health. It is a Schedule IV controlled substance that is addictive, and is potentially lethal when combined with alcohol, sedatives or antidepressants.

Propoxyphene is detectable in the urine from 6 hours to 2 days after initially taken. Propoxyphene can be detected in oral fluid for 5-48 hours, and can remain in the hair for up to 90 days after initially taken.

methadone

Methadone is an opioid medication that reduces withdrawal symptoms in individuals who are addicted to heroin or have other opiate addictions without causing the "high" associated with the drug addiction. Methadone use still entails the other side effects associated with opiates including developing a tolerance, as well as physical and psychological dependence.

Methadone can be detectable in the urine for up to 3 days after initially taken. Methadone can be detected in oral fluid for 5-48 hours, and can remain in the hair for up to 90 days.

meperidine (Demerol)

Meperidine (Demerol®) is an opioid prescribed to treat moderate to severe pain, however it is not commonly used to treat chronic pain. Meperidine can be addictive and is a Schedule II controlled substance. It can cause respiratory distress and death when taken in high doses or if combined with other substances, especially alcohol.

Meperidine can be detected in a hair sample up to 90 days after initially taken.

tramadol

Tramadol is a narcotic pain reliever, prescribed to treat moderate to severe pain. Tramadol can be addictive even when taken at regular doses. It can cause respiratory distress and death when taken in high doses or if combined with other substances, sedatives or alcohol. Tramadol has been known to cause seizures.

Tramadol can be detected in a hair sample up to 90 days after initially taken.

oxycodone (Oxy)

Oxycodone (OxyContin®, Percocet®) is an opioid prescribed to treat moderate to severe pain. Oxycodone can be addictive, and is a Schedule II controlled substance. It can be lethal if taken with alcohol, sedatives, other drugs, or if the user has breathing problems like asthma or a blockage of the stomach or intestines.

Oxycodone can be detected in oral fluid for 5-48 hours after initially taken, and can remain in the hair for up to 90 days.

fentanyl

Fentanyl (Duragesic®) is a powerful synthetic opioid pain reliever. It is similar to morphine, but is 50 to 100 times more potent. Due to its potency, it is a schedule II prescription drug that is prescribed to treat individuals with severe pain or to treat those who are physically tolerant to other opioids.

According to the National Institute on Drug Abuse, "Fentanyl's effects resemble those of heroin and include euphoria, drowsiness, nausea, confusion, constipation, sedation, tolerance, addiction, respiratory depression and arrest, unconsciousness, coma, and death."

Fentanyl can be detected in a hair sample for up to 90 days after initially used.

sufentanil

Sufentanil is an opioid pain reliever that is sometimes used as an anesthetic for surgery or as part of an epidural during labor and delivery. Users of Sufentanil can develop a dependence or addiction to this narcotic.

Sufentanil can be detected in a hair sample for up to 90 days after initially taken.

hydromorphone

Hydromorphone (Dilaudid®) is an opioid prescription pain reliever used to treat severe pain. Hydromorphone can be addictive, and is a Schedule II controlled substance.

Hydromorphone can be detected in a hair sample for up to 90 days after initially taken.

oxymorphone

Oxymorphone (Opana®) is an opioid pain reliever prescribed to treat moderate to severe pain. Oxymorphone can be addictive, and is classified as a Schedule II narcotic.

Oxymorphone can be detected in the hair for up to 90 days after initially taken.

heroin (6-AM)

Heroin is an opiate drug that is derived from morphine. 6-Acetylmorphine (6-AM) is a metabolite of heroin. Heroin itself is not active, but when used it is rapidly converted to 6-Acetylmorphine and then further converts back to morphine. Both 6-AM and morphine are heroin metabolites that are used as painkillers and/or for their euphoric effects. 6-AM is rapidly eliminated and excreted into urine. 6-Acetylmorphine has a detection window period in urine of less than 24 hours after initially used-- Therefore, urine that is negative for 6-AM does not exclude heroin abuse, but its presence does confirm it.

Heroin and its metabolite 6-acetylmorphine can be detected in a hair sample for up to 90 days.

hydrocodone

Hydrocodone (Vicodin®, Lortab®, Lorcet®) is an opioid pain reliever prescribed to treat moderate to severe pain. Hydrocodone is synthesized from codeine, and was moved from a Schedule III to a Schedule II drug class in 2014. Hydromorphone can be addictive, and can slow or stop an individual's breathing.

Hydrocodone can be detected in a hair sample for up to 90 days after initially taken.

Additional Tests

  • Cotinine (Nicotine) $29

    Nicotine is metabolized in the liver to cotinine. Nicotine in tobacco products such as cigarettes, pipe tobacco, cigars, or chew, is an addicting substance that causes individuals to continue use of tobacco despite concerted efforts to quit.

  • Ethyl Glucuronide (EtG) (Alcohol, 3 day) $29

    EtG, or ethyl glucuronide, is a byproduct of ethanol (alcohol that one drinks) and glucuronide a common biological compound made in the liver that binds various toxins and drugs in the body that allows them to be excreted in the urine. EtG is formed when someone drinks even relatively small amounts of alcohol, and can be detected in the urine. EtG can be found in the urine much longer than alcohol in the blood or breath. After a few drinks, EtG can be present in the urine up to 48 hours, and sometimes up to 72 or hours or longer if the drinking is heavier.

  • Kratom (Synthetic Heroin) $119

    Kratom is a currently legal recreational drug that is relatively new to the United States. It is derived from leaves of the Mitragyna speciosa tree (kratom or ketum tree) found in Southeast Asia. The DEA lists Kratom as a "Drug and Chemical of Concern.” Kratom in small doses has a stimulating effect, and in larger doses acts as a sedative.

  • Synthetic Cannabinoids (Spice/K2) $95

    Synthetic cannabinoids refer to a growing number of man-made mind-altering chemicals that are either sprayed on dried, shredded plant material to be smoked or sold as liquids to be vaporized and inhaled. Synthetic cannabinoids are designer drugs that are chemically different from, but attempt to mimic the effect of natural cannabinoids.

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